Ownership and protection of property are the essential rights:
Ownership and protection of property are the essential rights upon which our form of government is based in the United States. communist forms of government place all property ownership in the hands of the State. Anarchy, with absence of government, would allow anyone to take the property of another at any time for any rationalization, without a mutual agreeement. Mutual written agreement have become the basis of legal property arrangements, including sales, options, and leases. In the United States, a well defined and litigated system of property rights has developed. The landmark case, Jacque vs. Steenberg Homes, is Utah's conrnerstone for defense against illegal trespass: The Jacque case was handed down by the Wisconcin Supreme Court and adopted by the Utah Courts. In Jacque, the no trespass notice of property owners was ignored where the trespassers did only dollar in actual damages by opening a fence and then closing it back up. The Supreme Court upheld a judgment against the trespassers of $100,001.00 for the actual damage done plus $100,00 in punitive and exempliary damages for egregiously ignoring the rights of the property owners to have their privacy and property secure. The High Court reasoned and Ordered that significant punitive damages must be ordered against egregious trespassers in order to preserve the institution of private ownership within the United States. That otherwise trespassers would have no deterrent except for the minimal cost of the temporary inconvenience that they allege to have caused. Indeed, opportunistic trespass can occur in many ways, ranging from blocking someones legal access to their possessions and property, to breaking in to someone's space and going through their private belongings. Whether or not intrusion on privacy was intended by a trespasser may not always be proven, but the intention to trespass is proven by the existance of the No Trespassing Notice, which defines the violation.